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E.A. Orlova. The anthropological foundations of scientific knowledge




A.V. Kostin, A.Ya. Flier. Ternary functional model of culture (continued)

N.A. Khrenov. Russian culture at the turn of the XIX–XX centuries: the Gnostic "Renaissance" in the context of symbolism (continued)

V.M. Rozin. Some features of modern art

V.I. Ionesov. Memory of things in images and plots of cultural introspection




A.Ya. Flier. Social and organizational functions of culture

M.I. Kozyakova. The Ancient cosmos and its evolution: ritual, spectacle, entertainment

N.A. Malshina. The post-non-classical paradigm in the study of the Russian cultural industry: A new type of rationality and value system

N.A. Khrenov. A Century later: the tragic experience of Soviet Culture (continued)

Announcement of the next issue



Khrenov Nikolai Andreevich,
Doctor of Philosophy, Professor,
the Gerasimov Russian State
University of Cinematography


Between America and China: the Concept of the “Other”
in the formation and transformation of the civilizational identity of Russia


Abstract. The article attempts to comprehend the internal and external factors of civilizational identity, in this case, in its Russian version. The article focuses on external factors, which should be understood as the concept of "Other", i.e. another civilization. In this case, the Other means both American civilization and China as a civilization. The author insists that at the turn of the XX and XXI centuries, three independent civilizations-Russia, America and China demonstrate intensive forms of interaction, which affects the transformation of Russia's civilizational identity. This is manifested both in the desire to resist American hegemony, and in the turn from the West towards China, which makes the idea of the Eurasians that arose in the first decades of the last century relevant. The article takes into account the discrepancy in the time phases of the functioning of these civilizations. If America finally acquires civilizational forms and continues to experience passionate tension in the twentieth century, then, for example, China is one of the oldest civilizations. Russia deserves a special conversation, which has repeatedly radically revised its civilizational identity in its history. Today, in its history, it is experiencing another radical turn, focusing more on the East. The author's idea is usually illustrated with the help of the experience of cinema.

Keywords. Civilization, civilizational identity, Russia, America, China, the West, Byzantium, medieval Russia, empire, Other, internal factor, external factor, psychological factor of identity, personality type, basic personality, fracture of civilization, passionary, passionary tension, V. Solovyov, N. Danilevsky, A. Khomyakov, Slavophiles, Spengler, Toynbee, Eurasianism, stoicism, phases of civilization, pan-mongolism.

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[70] Neumann I. The use of the "Other". Images of the East in the formation of European identity. Moscow: New Publishing House, 2004. p. 130.
[71] Ibid., p. 130.
[72] Ibid., p. 39.
[73] Baudrillard J. Decree. op. p. 74.
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[83] Rozanov V. Decree. op., p. 245.
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[85] Berdyaev N. The problem of the East and Zapaa in the religious consciousness of V. Solovyov // About Vladimir Solovyov. Sat. first. M.: Path. 1911. p. 108.
[86] Solovyov V. Justification of good: Moral philosophy. M.: Republic. 1996. p. 222.
[87] Shubart V. Europe and the soul of the East. Moscow: Russian idea. 1997. p. 11.
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[89] Huntington S. Who are we? Challenges of American national identity. Moscow: AST, Transitkniga. 2004. p. 109.
[90] Huntington S. Decree. op. P. 111.
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[93] Roman Stoics: Seneca, Epictetus, Marcus Aurelius. M.: Republic. 1995. p. 411.
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[95] Gumilev L. Ancient Russia and the Great Steppe. Moscow: Mysl. 1989. p. 602.
[96] Ortega y Gasset H. Decree. op. p. 125.
[97] Ibid.



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