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A.Ya. Flier. System-forming properties of culture

 

Discussions:

IN SEARCH OF THE MEANING OF HISTORY AND CULTURE (A.Ya.Flier's Section)

A.Ya.Flier. Structuring of culture by social strata of society (socio-class typology)

N.A. Khrenov. A sociological turn in science. About the art of the XIX century: I. Ten's concept as an anticipation of the cultural turn (beginning)

V.M. Rozin. Cultural concepts of the environment for education

 

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HIGH ART IN MODERN CULTURE (E.N. Shapinskaya'sSection)

E.N. Shapinskaya. Benjamin Britten in the (Inter)Cultural Space: Texts of Works and Contexts of Interpretationby

A.P. Markov. Postmodern Art in the Ecstasy of Dying…

CULTURAL REFLECTIONSBY

N.A. Khrenov. The Superman in the Russian version: philosophical aspects of the novel by F. Dostoevsky's "Demons" and V. Khotinenko's film based on this novel (continued)

V.M. Rozin. Introducing children to modern culture in the family (non-)school "Seekers"

A.Ya. Flier. Normative human behavior


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Khrenov Nikolai Andreevich,
Doctor of Philosophy, Professor,
the Gerasimov Russian State
University of Cinematography
e-mail: nihrenov@mail.ru

Between America and China: the Concept of the “Other”
in the formation and transformation of the civilizational identity of Russia

(ending)

Abstract. The article attempts to comprehend the internal and external factors of civilizational identity, in this case, in its Russian version. The article focuses on external factors, which should be understood as the concept of "Other", i.e. another civilization. In this case, the Other means both American civilization and China as a civilization. The author insists that at the turn of the XX and XXI centuries, three independent civilizations-Russia, America and China demonstrate intensive forms of interaction, which affects the transformation of Russia's civilizational identity. This is manifested both in the desire to resist American hegemony, and in the turn from the West towards China, which makes the idea of the Eurasians that arose in the first decades of the last century relevant. The article takes into account the discrepancy in the time phases of the functioning of these civilizations. If America finally acquires civilizational forms and continues to experience passionate tension in the twentieth century, then, for example, China is one of the oldest civilizations. Russia deserves a special conversation, which has repeatedly radically revised its civilizational identity in its history. Today, in its history, it is experiencing another radical turn, focusing more on the East. The author's idea is usually illustrated with the help of the experience of cinema.

Keywords. Civilization, civilizational identity, Russia, America, China, the West, Byzantium, medieval Russia, empire, Other, internal factor, external factor, psychological factor of identity, personality type, basic personality, fracture of civilization, passionary, passionary tension, V. Solovyov, N. Danilevsky, A. Khomyakov, Slavophiles, Spengler, Toynbee, Eurasianism, stoicism, phases of civilization, pan-mongolism

 

[98] Ortega y Gasset H. Decree. op. p. 125.
[99] Ibid., p. 126.
[100] Grigorieva T. Tao and Logos (Meeting of cultures). M., 1992. p. 8.
[101] Toroptsev S. "International brand" of Chinese cinema: director Ch. Yimou. M.: Economics, 2008. P. 168.
[102] Antonioni about Antonioni. P. 180.
[103] M. Gran Chinese thought. M.: Respublika, 2004. S. 391.
[104] S. Toroptsev Decree. CIT. p. 170.
[105] A. Khomyakov Essays. Vol. 4. M., 1909. P. 33.
[106] Khrenov N. Complex of Imperial Russia and its critics: A. I. Solzhenitsyn // Personality and works of A. I. Solzhenitsyn in contemporary art and literature. Moscow: the Russian way, 2018. S. 156.
[107] Solovyev V. national question in Russia // Solov'ev V. Works: in 2 t. T. 1. Moscow: Publishing House "Pravda", 1989. P. 418.
[108] Khrenov N. Russian Proteus. SPb.: Aletheia, 2007.
[109] G. Fedotov Letters about Russian culture // Fedotov G. the Fate and the sins of Russia. Selected articles on the philosophy of Russian history and culture: in 2 vols. Vol. 1. St. Petersburg: Sofia, 1991. p. 173.
[110] Ibid. p. 177.
[111] Neumann I. Decree. op. p. 230.
[112] Polybius. Universal History: in 40 books. Vol. 1. M., 1890. p. 14.
[113] Ibid. p. 14.
[114] Neumann I. Decree. op. p. 128.
[115] Andreev D. The Rose of the World. Metaphilosophy of History. M., 1991. p. 158.
[116] Florovsky G. Ways of Russian Theology. Kiev, 1991. p. 500.
[117] Merezhkovsky D. L. Tolstoy and Dostoevsky. Eternal companions. M.: Republic, 1995. p. 68.
[118] Merezhkovsky D. Decree. op. p. 68.
[119] Trubetskoy N. A look at Russian history not from the West, but from the East // Trubetskoy N. The Legacy of Genghis Khan. M., 2007. p. 357.
[120] N. Trubetskoy. Decree. CIT. p. 298.
[121] Berdyaev N. The problem of East and West in the religious consciousness of V. Solovyov. S. 125.
[122] Berdyaev N. Decree. CIT. p. 125.
[123] Firsov N. Rutinoside as a sociological and psychological phenomenon of people's life. Pg., 1914.
[124] Red Star. 29.09.1961.

 

ISSN 2311-3723

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