Culture of culture

Scientific peer-reviewed electronic periodical
Since 2014




E.A. Orlova. The anthropological foundations of scientific knowledge




A.V. Kostin, A.Ya. Flier. Ternary functional model of culture (continued)

N.A. Khrenov. Russian culture at the turn of the XIX–XX centuries: the Gnostic "Renaissance" in the context of symbolism (continued)

V.M. Rozin. Some features of modern art

V.I. Ionesov. Memory of things in images and plots of cultural introspection




A.Ya. Flier. Social and organizational functions of culture

M.I. Kozyakova. The Ancient cosmos and its evolution: ritual, spectacle, entertainment

N.A. Malshina. The post-non-classical paradigm in the study of the Russian cultural industry: A new type of rationality and value system

N.A. Khrenov. A Century later: the tragic experience of Soviet Culture (continued)

Announcement of the next issue


Flier Andrey Yakovlevich 
Doctor of Philosophy, Professor,
Chief Research Worker 
Lykhachev Russian Research Institute 
for Cultural and Natural Heritage

Culture as a Symbolic Activity: The Stage of Formation

Abstract: The article outlines the author's concept of the origins of symbolic activity in culture and discusses the main social functions of symbolic culture as a universal means of human psychological belonging to the universe – nature, cosmos, and God.

Keywords: culture, symbolic activity, mythology, religion, art, figurative system.

[1] See: Flier A.Y. Cultural Environment: An Experience of Analytical Structuring [Electronic resource] // Culture of Culture. 2014. №1. URL: Access date: 14/05/2014; See also: Flier A.Y. Essays on the Theory of Historical Dynamics of Culture // Flier A.Y. Selected Works on Theory of Culture. M.: Soglasie-Artem, 2014.
[2] Cassirer, Ernst. Philosophie der symbolischen Formen, Bd 1-3, Вerlin, 1923-1929.
[3] Geertz, Clifford. The Interpretation of Cultures. Selected Essays. N.Y.: Basic Books, 1973.
[4] See also: Pelipenko A.A. Mythoritual System of Culture [Electronic resource] // Culture of Culture. 2014. №3. URL: Access date: 01/07/2014.
[5] Engels, Friedrich. Anteil der Arbeit an der Menschwerdung des Affen // Neu Zeit. 1894. Jahrgang XIV. Bd. 2, 1894.
[6] Tylor, Edward Burnett. Primitive Culture. London: John Murray, 1871.
[7] Tokarev S.A. Religion in History of Nations of the World. M.: Politizdat, 1986.
[8] A similar view was expressed by famous American futurist Raymond Kurzweil (See: Kurzweil, Raymond. The Singularity Is Near: When Humans Transcend Biology. N.Y.: Viking Penguin, 2005; See also: Young, Simon. Designer Evolution: A Transhumanist Manifesto. N.Y.: Prometheus Book, 2005).
[9] For systematic studies of this ritual see: Smirnov Y.A. Maze. Morphology of Intentional Burial. M.: Science, Eastern Literature, 1997; See also: Flier A.Y. Culture of Parting (Hard Fate of the Deceased) // Flier A.Y. Selected Works on Theory of Culture. M.: Soglasie-Artem, 2014.
[10] Okladnikov A.P. The Morning of Art. Leningrad: Art, 1967.
[11] See: Frankfort, Henri, Frankfort, Henrichte A., Wilson, John A., Jacobsen, Thorkild. Before Philosophy. The Intellectual Adventure of Ancient Man. Baltimore: Penguin Books, 1946.
[12] See: Eliade, Mirchea. Le Mythe de l’éternel retour: Arhétypes et répétitio. Paris: Gallimard, 1949.
[13] For more details see: Goryainova O.I. Myth and Cultural Scenario as Mechanisms of Socialization [Electronic resource] // URL: Access date: 15.02.2013.
[14] In the "Axial Age". See: Jaspers, Karl. The Origin and Goal of History. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1953.
[15] See also: Coppens, Yves. Origines de l’homme. De la matière à la conscience. Paris: De Vive Voix, 2010.
[16] See: Stolyar A.D. The Origin of Art. M.: Art, 1985.
[17] Sher Y.A., Vishnyatsky L.B., Blednova N.S. The Origin of the Sign Behavior. M.: Scientific World, 2004.
[18] Malinowski, Bronisław Kasper. The Sexual Life of Savages in North-Western Melanesia: An Ethnographic Account of Courtship, Marriage and Family Life Among the Natives of the Trobriand Islands, British New Guinea. With a Preface by Havelock Ellis. London: George Routledge, 1929.
[19] Stolyar A.D. Ibidem.
[20] See: Semenov V.A. Prehistoric Art. Stone Age. Bronze Age. St. Petersburg.: Azbuka-Klassika, 2008.
[21] Frolov B.A. Primitive Graphics in Europe. M.: Science, 1992.
[22] Smith, Jonathan Z. To Take Place: Toward Theory in Ritual. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1987.
[23] See: Formozov A.A. Monuments of Prehistoric Art in the USSR. M.: Science, 1966; Pelipenko A.A. Culture and Meaning // Pelipenko A.A. Selected Works on Theory of Culture. Moscow: Soglasie-Artem, 2014.
[24] See: Freud, Sigmund. Totem und Tabu. Einige Übereinstimmungen im Seelenleben der Wilden und der Neurotiker. Wien: Hugo Heller, 1913.
[25] See, e.g.: Berezkin Y.E. Areal Distribution of Folklore and Mythological Motifs // History and Mathematics: Analysis and Modeling of Social and Historical Processes. M. KomKniga; URSS, 2007.
[26] See: Durkheim, Emile. Les formes élémentaires de la vie religieuse. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France, 1912; Tokarev S.A. Rituals and Myths // Myths of Nations of the World. Encyclopedia: In 2 vols, M.: Soviet Encyclopedia, 1988. V. 2; Rappaport, Roy A. Ritual and Religion in the Making of Humanity. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999 & ors.
[27] See: Orlova E.A. The Theoretical Basis of Social Interaction Studies // Observatory of Culture. 2008. № 1. P. 4-13; Flier A.Y. Social Experience as the Basis of Functioning and Historic Reproduction of Communities // Social Sciences and Nowadays. 2002. № 1; Flier A.Y. Cultural Milieu and Its Social Features [Electronic resource] // Humanitarian Information Portal "Knowledge. Understanding. Skill". 2013. № 2 (March - April). URL: Date of application: 02/12/2014.



ISSN 2311-3723

OOO «Soglasie» publisher

Scientific Association of Culture Researchers

Official registration № ЭЛ № ФС 77 – 56414 от 11.12.2013

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