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N. A. Khrenov. Revolution and culture: desacralization of revolution in Russian cinema at the turn of XX-XXI centuries (ending)

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N. A. Khrenov. Culture and play: activation of the gaming instinct in the era of transition from the middle ages to Imperial Russia (continued)

A. N. Kovalev. Divine proportion in search of the Renaissance (ending)

V. G. Vlasov, N. Yu. Lukina. New stanzas. Philologist and art critic discussion: symptoms of genius


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Khrenov Nikolai Andreevich,
Doctor of Philosophy, Professor,
the Gerasimov Russian State
University of Cinematography

Death and Culture:
Philosophical and Aesthetical Variants of Russian Thanatological Outer Space
(Part 1)

Abstract. The article is dedicated to the analysis of the philosophical and aesthetic reflections of death in modern Russian culture. The theme is viewed mainly on the example of cinematographic works of A. Tarkovsky and literary and philosophical reflections of the past and present, which had directly or indirectly influence them. The author also gives attention to the historical context of the events discussed.

Keywords: culture, Thanatos, Tarkovsky, reflection, literature, philosophy, suicide.

[1] Figures of Thanatos. Issue № 6. Under the editorship of А. Demitchev, М. Uvarov. SPb.: Publishing house of SPbGU, 2001.
[2] Shestov L. On the Scales of Job // L. Shestov. Works: 2 volumes. Vol. 2. М., Nauka, 1993. P.  107.
[3] Shestov L. Op. cit. Vol. 2. P. 100.
[4] Merezhkovsky D. L. Tolstoy and Dostoyevsky. Eternal Companions. М.: Respublika, 1995. P. 23.
[5] Gurevitch A.Ya. Death As a Question of Historical Anthropology // Gurevitch A.Ya. Historical Synthesis and The Annales School. М.: Indric, 1993. P. 236.
[6] Ariès P. The Hour of Our Death. М.: Progress-Akademiya, 1992.
[7] Florovsky G. Ways of Russian Theology. Kiev: Christian Charitable Association «The Way to the Truth», 1991.P. 261.
[8] Isupov К. Russian Philosophical Thanatology // Questions of Philosophy. 1994. № 3. P. 107.
[9] Bakhtin M.M. Works of François Rabelais and Folk Culture of The Middle Ages and Renaissance. М.: Hudozhestvennaya Literatura, 1965. P. 530.
[10] Khrenov N.А. Cinematographic Thanatology // Domestic Notes. 2013. № 5.P. 315.
[11] Semenova S.G. A Man and Bourgeouis. Maxim Gorky’s Attitude Towards Death // Semenova S.G. Overcoming a Tragedy. Eternal Questions in Literature. М.: Sovetsky Pisatel, 1989. P. 285.
[12] Podoroga V. The Eunuch of the Soul (Positions of Reading and the World of Platonov) // Questions of Philosophy. 1989. № 3. P. 22.
[13] Yampolsky M. On-Screen Death // The Art of Cinema. 1991. № 9. P. 53.
[14] Yampolsky M. Rising to Image // Literary Review. 1989. № 7. P. 75.
[16] Tarkovsky А. Beauty Will Save the World // The Art of Cinema. 1989. № 2. P. 149.
[17] Shestov L. Op. cit. Vol. 2. P. 27.
[18] Tarkovsky А. Beauty Will Save the World. P 145.
[19] Cicero М. Tusculan Disputations. P. Book 1. On the Contempt of Death. Odessa: Publ. house of  V. Kirchner, 1885. P. 25.
[20] Misharin A., Tarkovsky А. Mirror // Screenplays. 1988. № 2. P. 129.
[21] Tarkovsky А. To Settle Down to a Course // The Art of Cinema. 1989. № 2. P. 113.
[22] Misharin A., Tarkovsky А.Op. cit. P. 130.
[23] Ibid.
[24] Tolstoy L.N. The Complete Works: 20 volumes. Vol. 12. М.: Hudozhestvennaya Literatura, 1964. P. 107.
[25] Misharin A., Tarkovsky А. Op. cit. P. 131.
[26] Tarkovsky А. Lectures on Film Direction // The Art of Cinema. 1990. № 8. P. 109.
[27] Pushkin A.S. The Complete Works: 10 volumes. Vol. 2. М.: State publishing house of fiction, 1959. P. 149.
[28] Misharin A., Tarkovsky А. Op. cit. P. 129.
[29] Tarkovsky А. To Settle Down to a Course // The Art of Cinema. 1989. № 2. P. 122.
[30] Shestov L. On the Scales of Job. P 50.
[31] Toporov V.N. Destiny and Fate // The Concept of Destiny in the Context of Different Cultures. М.: Nauka, 1994. P. 49.
[32] Strelkov V. Death and Fate // The Concept of Destiny in the Context of Different Cultures. М.: Nauka, 1994. P. 35.
[33] Shestov L. Op. cit. P. 92.
[34] Dubrovsky M., Lipkin A. Concerning Suicides // Revolution and Culture. 1929. № 5. P. 33.
[35] Figures of Thanatos: The Art of Dying. SPbU Publishing house, 1998. P. 216.
[36] Shevtsova L. Gorbatchev: Five Years After // Novaya Newspaper. № 23. 04. 03. 2016. P. 19.
[37] Dostoyevsky F.M. The Complete Works: 30 volumes. Vol. 34. L.: Nauka, 1982. P. 53.
[38] Sedov L. The Typology of Culture in the Context of Death Criterion // Syntax. 1989. № 26. P. 160.
[39] Cicero М. Tusculan Disputations. P. 34.
[40] Gaidenko P.P. Vladimir Solovyev and Philosophy of the Silver Age. М.: Progress-Traditsiya, 2001. P. 8.
[41] Merezhkovsky D. Aesthetics and Criticism. Vol. 1. М.-Kcharkov: Iskusstvo Folio, 1994. P. 137.
[42] Berdyaev N.A. The Philosophy of Tragedy. Maurice Maeterlinck // Berdyaev N.A. The Philosophy of Creativity, Culture and Art: 2 volumes. Vol 2. М.: Iskusstvo, 1994. P. 189.
[43] Berdyaev N.А. Op. Cit. P. 192.
[44] Dostoyevsky F.M. Op. Cit. Vol. 24. P. 54.
[45] Panchenko A. The Silver Age and Destruction of Russia // Lectures and Reports of members of the Russian Academy of Sciences in SPb HUU (1993 – 2013): 3 volumes. Vol. 3. SPb.: Naka, 2013. P. 527.
[46] Bulgakov S. Two Towns. A  Research on the Nature of Social Ideas. SPb., Изд. RGHI, 1997. P. 259.
[47] Jaspers К. Nietzsche: An Introduction to the Understanding of His Philosophical Activity. SPb.: Vladimir Dal, 2004. P. 445.
[48] Hansen-Löve A. Russian Symbolism. System of the Poetic Motif. Early Symbolism. SPb.: Akademitchesky Proekt, 1999. P. 137.
[49] Merezhkovsky D. L. Tolstoy and Dostoyevsky. Eternal Companions. М.: Respublika, 1995. P. 362.
[50] Blok A. The Collected Works: 8 volumes Vol. 1. М-L.: State Publishing house of fiction, 1969. P. 78.
[51] Bulgakov S. Op. cit. P. 259.
[52] Cicero М. Tusculan Disputations. P. 38.
[53] Hegel G.W.F. Works. Vol. 10. М.: Partizdat, 1932. P. 114.
[54] Golovanov V. Lethal Leaving // Literaturnaya Newspaper. № 6. 05.02.1992. P. 12.
[55] Blok A. Op. cit. Vol. 5. P. 70.
[56] Ibid. P. 82.
[57] Fedotov G.P. Letters on Russian Culture // The Destiny and Sins of Russia. Selected Articles on Philosophy of Russian History and Culture: 2 volumes. Vol. 2. SPb.: Sofia, 1992. P. 174.



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