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Khrenov Nikolai Andreevich,
Doctor of Philosophy, Professor,
the Gerasimov Russian State
University of Cinematography

Death and Culture:
Philosophical and Aesthetical Variants of Russian Thanatological Outer Space
(Part 1)

Abstract. The article is dedicated to the analysis of the philosophical and aesthetic reflections of death in modern Russian culture. The theme is viewed mainly on the example of cinematographic works of A. Tarkovsky and literary and philosophical reflections of the past and present, which had directly or indirectly influence them. The author also gives attention to the historical context of the events discussed.

Keywords: culture, Thanatos, Tarkovsky, reflection, literature, philosophy, suicide.

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[2] Shestov L. On the Scales of Job // L. Shestov. Works: 2 volumes. Vol. 2. М., Nauka, 1993. P.  107.
[3] Shestov L. Op. cit. Vol. 2. P. 100.
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[5] Gurevitch A.Ya. Death As a Question of Historical Anthropology // Gurevitch A.Ya. Historical Synthesis and The Annales School. М.: Indric, 1993. P. 236.
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[23] Ibid.
[24] Tolstoy L.N. The Complete Works: 20 volumes. Vol. 12. М.: Hudozhestvennaya Literatura, 1964. P. 107.
[25] Misharin A., Tarkovsky А. Op. cit. P. 131.
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[27] Pushkin A.S. The Complete Works: 10 volumes. Vol. 2. М.: State publishing house of fiction, 1959. P. 149.
[28] Misharin A., Tarkovsky А. Op. cit. P. 129.
[29] Tarkovsky А. To Settle Down to a Course // The Art of Cinema. 1989. № 2. P. 122.
[30] Shestov L. On the Scales of Job. P 50.
[31] Toporov V.N. Destiny and Fate // The Concept of Destiny in the Context of Different Cultures. М.: Nauka, 1994. P. 49.
[32] Strelkov V. Death and Fate // The Concept of Destiny in the Context of Different Cultures. М.: Nauka, 1994. P. 35.
[33] Shestov L. Op. cit. P. 92.
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[35] Figures of Thanatos: The Art of Dying. SPbU Publishing house, 1998. P. 216.
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[39] Cicero М. Tusculan Disputations. P. 34.
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[43] Berdyaev N.А. Op. Cit. P. 192.
[44] Dostoyevsky F.M. Op. Cit. Vol. 24. P. 54.
[45] Panchenko A. The Silver Age and Destruction of Russia // Lectures and Reports of members of the Russian Academy of Sciences in SPb HUU (1993 – 2013): 3 volumes. Vol. 3. SPb.: Naka, 2013. P. 527.
[46] Bulgakov S. Two Towns. A  Research on the Nature of Social Ideas. SPb., Изд. RGHI, 1997. P. 259.
[47] Jaspers К. Nietzsche: An Introduction to the Understanding of His Philosophical Activity. SPb.: Vladimir Dal, 2004. P. 445.
[48] Hansen-Löve A. Russian Symbolism. System of the Poetic Motif. Early Symbolism. SPb.: Akademitchesky Proekt, 1999. P. 137.
[49] Merezhkovsky D. L. Tolstoy and Dostoyevsky. Eternal Companions. М.: Respublika, 1995. P. 362.
[50] Blok A. The Collected Works: 8 volumes Vol. 1. М-L.: State Publishing house of fiction, 1969. P. 78.
[51] Bulgakov S. Op. cit. P. 259.
[52] Cicero М. Tusculan Disputations. P. 38.
[53] Hegel G.W.F. Works. Vol. 10. М.: Partizdat, 1932. P. 114.
[54] Golovanov V. Lethal Leaving // Literaturnaya Newspaper. № 6. 05.02.1992. P. 12.
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[56] Ibid. P. 82.
[57] Fedotov G.P. Letters on Russian Culture // The Destiny and Sins of Russia. Selected Articles on Philosophy of Russian History and Culture: 2 volumes. Vol. 2. SPb.: Sofia, 1992. P. 174.



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