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V.I. Grachev. Information-isomorphic basis of communicative paradigm of modern culture

V.G. Vlasov, N.Yu. Lukina. Stanze 1, stanze 2, 3, 4… From talks of the philologist with researcher of art

 

РЕПУБЛИКАЦИЯ

A.Ya. Flier. The birth of the home: the spatial self-determination of primitive man

 

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Flier Andrey Yakovlevich,
Doctor of Philosophy, Professor,
Chief Researcher
Lykhachev Russian Research Institute
for Cultural and Natural Heritage,
Professor of Moscow State linguistic University
e-mail: andrey.flier@yandex.ru

The birth of the home: the spatial self-determination of primitive man

Abstract. The article is devoted to the substantiation of the fact that the early primitive (pre-political) residential buildings in their architecture were determined not by the climatic and resource conditions of the place, but by the worldview of ancient people. Housing reflected their ideas about the structure of the world and, as a rule, was round in plan in any climatic regions (modern analogues-Yurt, yaranga, wigwam). The walls of the house were the outer boundary of the mastered personal world of man.

Keywords. Housing, developed space, marker, architectural technique, worldview, structure of the world.
 

[1] See: Leroi-Gourhan A. Le géste et la parole.  Technique et language & La Mémoire et Les Rythmes. 2 vols. Paris: Albin Michel, 1964-1965. 326 et 285 pp.; Eliade M. Kosmos and history. M.: Progress, 1985. 312 p.
[2] See, example: V. Tsirkunov Yu. the Emergence of architecture // General history of architecture. Vol. 1. M.: Stroiizdat, 1970. P. 17; Tkachev V. N. History of architecture. M.: Higher school, 1987. Pp. 8-11.
[3] The most characteristic judgments about it see, for example: Kasim-zade E. Questions of development of architecture in the national republics // Architecture of the USSR. 1960.  No. 11; Aralov Yu With National and international in the Soviet architecture. M., Stroyizdat, 1985. P. 38-44; Voronina V. L. Climate and housing in Central Asia // Architectural heritage. 1982.  No. 30. P. 120-132.
[4] This point of view has been most actively developed in recent years. See, for example: Orfinsky V. p. Regularities of architecture development. L.: Stroyizdat, 1987. Pp. 160-163, 170-172, etc.; Proskuryakova T. S. the Subject of history of architecture and the method of its study // History of architecture. Object, subject and method of research. Moscow: tsniip urban planning, 1989. P. 15.
[5] Semenov Y. I. the formation of the human society // prehistory: in 3 v. Vol. 1. M.: Science, 1983. P. 347.
[6] See. Rogachev A. N. Paleolithic dwellings and settlements in Eastern Europe // Proceedings of the VII international Congress of anthropological and ethnographic Sciences. T. V. M.: science, 1970. 12 p.; Kabo V. R. Primitive dosimetrically community. M.: Science, 1956. Pp. 203-231.
[7] See. Flier A. Ya. Ancient origins of locality of architectural forms // Architectural heritage. 1991.  No. 39. Pp. 198-207.
[8] See: Flier A. the Idea of centricity in ancient architecture/ the Architectural legacy. 1993.  No. 41. Pp. 17-29.
[9] See: Japaridze O. at the dawn of ethnocultural history of the Caucasus. Tbilisi: Ed. Tbilisi. UN-TA, 1989. Pp. 182-197.
[10] See: Child G. at the origins of European civilization. M.: Izd. foreign lit., 1952. 466 p.
[11] See: Espinas A. social life of animals. Experiments of comparative psychology with the addition of a brief history of sociology. SPb.: Type. Dr. M. A. Khan, 1882. 124 p.
[12] See: Plyusnin Yu. M. the Problem of biosocial evolution. Novosibirsk: Science, 1990. P. 157.
[13] Ibid; see also Cadmate M. the Phenomenon of personalization of the environment. Theoretical analysis / / Environmental conditions of group activity. Tallinn: TPI, 1988. Pp. 7-58.
[14] See: Plyusnin Yu. M. Decree. Cit. Pp. 163-164.
[15] See: Lotman Yu. M. Symbol in the system of culture // Symbol in the system of culture. Works on sign systems. XXI. Tartu: Izd. Tartu University, 1987. P. 20.
[16] See: Frolov B. A., Artemova O. Yu., Petruhin V. Ya., Persic A. I. Evolution of social consciousness // the History of primitive society: the era of class formation. M.: Science, 1988. P. 345-470.

 

 

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