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Shapinskaya Ekaterina Nikolaevna,
Doctor of Philosophy, Professor,
Russian State University of Physical Education,
 Sport, Youth and Tourism.

Tragedy of forbidden love: cultural transformations of the archetypal plot

Abstract. The subject of the study is an archetypal story about forbidden love and revenge in its interpretation in various cultural forms and various historical and cultural contexts. Particular attention is paid to the influence of social and cultural dominants of culture on the semantic emphasis in the interpretation of a mythological or folklore plot.
The article reviews various versions of the archetypal story about forbidden love and revenge - the ancient Greek and Western European tragedy, as well as the poetic drama of the modern Indian author. The basic narrative structure is preserved, but the semantic emphasis changes depending on the historical and cultural context. The ancient tragedies of Euripides and Seneca, Racine's tragedy are based on the myth of Phaedrus and Hippolyte, but in the context of Western European ethical norms, the emphasis shifts from fatal predestination to moral responsibility. A similar narrative scheme is used by the Indian poet Sh. Batalvi in interpreting the folkloric plot in terms of new gender relations in Indian society. The study of the archetypal plot is carried out on the basis of various cultural forms realized in art flicks far apart from each other in time and space. It is concluded that the external similarity of the narrative scheme differs in its semantics, which is connected with the dominant or oppositional attitudes of the authors. An ancient myth or a folkloric work can be used as a story core, which serves as the basis for meanings that differ or even are opposed to the original.

Keywords. Tragedy, archetypal plot, culture, antiquity, transgression, morality, prohibition, conflict, power, interpretation, legend, folklore.

[1] Antique literature. Greece. Anthology. Part 1. Moscow: Vysshaya shkola, 1989.  P. 469.
[2] Ibid. P. 19.
[3] Ibid. P. 416.
[4] Zhirmunskaja I.A. Racine Tragedy // Jean Racine. Tragedy. Novosibirsk: Nauka, 1977. 428 p.
[5] Osherov P.A. Seneca-Playwright // Lucius to Anna Seneca. Tragedy. Moscow: Nauka, 1983. P. 373.
[6] Seneca L.A. Truck "About the Brevity of Life", XVI, 5// Lucius to Anna Seneca. Tragedy. Moscow: Nauka, 1983. P. 37.
[7] Ibid.
[8] Buasse G. The opposition at Caesar's. S.-Petersburg.: Ivanov and Leszczynski, 1993. P. 99.
[9] Zhirmunskaja I.A. Op. cit. P. 400.
[10] Racine G. Phaedra// Jean Racine. Tragedy. Novosibirsk: Nauka, 1977. P. 257.
[11] Zhirmunskaja I.A. Op. cit. P. 400.
[12] Ibid. P. 401.
[13] Bart R. About Racine // Bart R. Selected Works. Moscow: Progress, 1989. P. 169.
[14] Ibid.
[15] Ibid.
[16] Zhirmunskaja I.A. Op. cit. P. 401.
[17] Racine G. Op. cit. P. 243.
[18] Ibid. P. 286.
[19] Ibid. P. 287.
[20] Armstrong K. A Brief History of Myth. Moscow: Otkrytyy mir, 2005. P. 109.
[21] Ibid.
[22] Antique literature. Part. 1. P. 430.
[23] Ibid. P. 432.
[24] Ibid. P. 116.
[25] Ibid. P. 422.
[26] Ibid. P. 438.
[27] Racine G. Op. cit. P. 269.
[28] Ibid. P. 244.
[29] Batay G. From the "Tears of Eros"// Tanatografija of Eros. S.-Petersburg: Mithril, 1994. P. 294.
[30] Ibid. P. 271.
[31] Kristeva Yu. Discourse of Love // Tanatografija of Eros. S.-Petersburg.: Mithril, 1994. P. 107.
[32] Batay G. Op. cit.P. 295.
[34] Bhalla B.M.  Loona: An ‘umwomanly woman’ or a tragic heroine? [e-resource]. URL:
[35] Batalvi, Shiv. Loona. New Delhi: Sahitya Akademi, 1965. Р. 7.
[36] Ibid. Р. 63.
[37] Bhalla B.M.  Op. cit.
[38] Dharival P. The heroine in modern Punjabi literature and the politics of desire. Vancouver: University of British Columbia, 2013. P. 59-60.
[39] Bhalla B.M.  Op. cit. P. 59.
[40] Ibid. P. 53.
[41] Dharival P. Op. cit. P. 70.
[42] Ibid. P. 73.
[43] Luna [e-resource]. URL:
[44] Boulogne J.-K. About the female modesty. Moscow: "Text", 2014.  P. 24.
[45] Ibid. P. 35.
[46] Luna. Op. cit.
[47] Boulogne J.-K. Op. cit. P. 339.
[48] Ibid. P. 341.



ISSN 2311-3723

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